Sina Salim was born on April the 22nd 1984 in Esfahan, Iran. After graduating from high school (Special Talent Center, Sampad, Esfahan, Iran) in 2001, he started studying B.Sc. Biotechnology in 2002 at Wageningen University, The Netherlands. During his bachelor thesis, he developed a mathematical model which resulted in co-authorship of a paper on capturing sunlight into a photobioreactor for cultivation of microalgae. Afterwards, Sina continued his M.Sc. Bioprocess Engineering at Wageningen university. During his master thesis at Bioprocess Engineering group of Wageningen University, he developed a mathematical model which describes the transport phenomena in fungal aerial mycelia. Sina left to Berkeley, California in 2006 for his internship at the Blanch Lab (UC Berkeley) which resulted in co-authorship of a paper on different approaches to enhance cultivability of bacteria associated with marine sponges. In 2007, he graduated cum laude in Bioprocess Engineering. Afterwards, he worked for a year on a project at Bioprocess Engineering group of Wageningen University entitled “Bio-alcohol production from syngas” which resulted in co-authorship of a book chapter on transportation biofuels. Sina started his PhD at Bioprocess Engineering group of Wageningen University in 2008. The results of his PhD research are presented in this book.